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CloudMedx algorithm predicts outcome scores in 11 days following TJA surgery –Published by USCF

Stefano A.Bini MD, Romil F.Shah MD IlyaBendich MD Joseph T.Patterson MD, Kevin M.Hwang MD, Musa B.Zaid MD


Machine Learning Algorithms Can Use Wearable Sensor Data to Accurately Predict Six-Week Patient-Reported Outcome Scores Following Joint Replacement in a Prospective Trial



Tracking patient-generated health data (PGHD) following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) may enable data-driven early intervention to improve clinical results. We aim to demonstrate the feasibility of combining machine learning (ML) with PGHD in TJA to predict patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs).


Twenty-two TJA patients were recruited for this pilot study. Three activity trackers collected 35 features from 4 weeks before to 6 weeks following surgery. PROMs were collected at both endpoints (Hip and Knee Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Knee Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, and Veterans RAND 12-Item Health Survey Physical Component Score). We used ML to identify features with the highest correlation with PROMs. The algorithm trained on a subset of patients and used 3 feature sets (A, B, and C) to group the rest into one of the 3 PROM clusters.


Fifteen patients completed the study and collected 3 million data points. Three sets of features with the highest R2 values relative to PROMs were selected (A, B and C). Data collected through the 11th day had the highest predictive value. The ML algorithm grouped patients into 3 clusters predictive of 6-week PROM results, yielding total sum of squares values ranging from 3.86 (A) to 1.86 (C).


This small but critical proof-of-concept study demonstrates that ML can be used in combination with PGHD to predict 6-week PROM data as early as 11 days following TJA surgery. Further study is needed to confirm these findings and their clinical value.

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